Savita Pall and Chemistry


Welcome to SCH4U


4 September 2007

Welcome to Grade 12 Chemistry. We will be starting with a Grade 11 Review and then the  Unit: Thermodynamics.

Please download the course outline.

4U Course Outline 07-08

The following Equation Sheet will be required for the duration of the course and you will be required to bring it into tests and quizzes.

Equation Sheet

Please download the Chemistry Lab Format and make sure that you are aware of the Lab Safety and Survival Rules.

Chemistry Lab Format

Rules for survival in the Laboratory

Safety and Chemical Waste Management

10 June 2008

Answers for the Practice Exam are now available.  

Good Luck on the Exam.

Answers-Practice Exam-07-08-4U.


1 June 2008

Here is the Mock Exam, (i.e. the Practice Exam), that will help you to succeed in the SCH4U course.  And the Exam matrix is also now available.

SCH4U-Practice Exam_07-08

Exam Matrix-4U-08

21 May 2008

Please download the new unit: Atomic Structure, for the week starting 22 May 2008

Notes Trends in the Periodic Table

Complete Review Structure and Bonding

 Table of VSEPR Shapes


11 May 2008

Please download the new Table of Contents and the corrected Equation Sheet:

Table of Contents_4U_Lab Portfolio_May_07-08

Equation Sheet

13 April 2008

Please download the new unit: REDOX, for the week starting 22 April 2008


1.    Intro to Redox

2.    Balancing using Oxidation Numbers

3.    Inorganic-Review

4.    Balancing by Ion-Electron Method

5.    Electrochemical Cells

6.    Corrosion

7.    Electrolysis

8.    Quantitative Aspects of Electrolytic Reactions

9.     Redox Review


1.    Displacement of metals

2.    Electrochemical Cell Diagrams

3.    Electrochemical cells

4.    Corrosion Review Questions

5.    Quantitative Calculations 1

6.    Review Questions


1.    Oxidation Numbers of Manganese

2.    Redox Titration Using Permanganate

3.    Electrochemical Cells

4.    Electrolysis



24 March 2008

 The  notes on the effect of structure on the strength of an acid are now available:

Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

1 March 2008

Here is the Table of Contents, your Lab Portfolio should now include all these labs.

Table of Contents-Lab Portfolio_07-08

5 February 2008

Here are some old unit tests on equilibrium, Ksp, and Entropy, these will help you to prepare for the upcoming unit test.

 Unit Test-Equilibrium_04-05.pdf

Equilibrium and Ksp-Test 2.pdf

Entropy-Free Energy_Test_01-02.pdf

Please download the following new unit:  Acid- Base

for the week starting 11 February 2008. 

UNIT:  ACID - Base 


1.    Flowchart Classification Compounds

2.    ACIDS and BASES

3.    Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

4.    Hydrolysis of Ions

5.    The Common Ion Effect

6.    Buffers and pH of Buffers

7.    Titration Curve-Strong Acid-Strong Base

8.    Titration Curves


1.    Summary of Arrhenius Properties

2.    Summary Table of pH and pOH Relationship

3.    Review Questions on Acid-Base Definitions

4.    Review Questions

5.    Review Calculations 1

6.    Determination of pH of WA Solution

7.    Determination of pH WB Solution

8.     Ka and Kb Problems

9.   Titration Problems

10.    Buffer Problems

11.    Review and Test -Acid-Base


1.    Properties of Acids and Bases

2.    Hydrolysis Planning Lab

3.    Titration Lab

4.    Titration Plot Activity


21 January 2008

Please download the new Unit: 

Solubility Product Equilibria 

1.    Solution Equilibria

2.    Ksp Solubility

3.    Ksp Problems

4.    Solubility Rules-Precipitation-net-Ionic Equations

5.    Lab-Making Predictions for Precipitates

6.    Lab-Ksp of a Salt

8 December 2007

Please download the new Unit: Equilibrium

1.    Equilibrium in chemical reactions

2.    Summary Table of Equilibrium and Rates

3.    Gibbs Free Energy and Equilibrium

4.    Quantitative Equilibrium Review

5.  Equilibrium-Review


1.    Graphing Equilibrium

2.    Le Chatelier's Principle

3.    Equilibrium Practice Problems

4.    Free Energy and Equilibrium Constant

5.    Review -Qualitative Equilibrium


1.    Equilibrium Simulation Lab

2.    Application of Le Chatelier's Principle

3.    The Equilibrium Constant

10 November 2007

  Please download  the new Unit Chemical Kinetics, for next week, starting 12 November 2007.

Unit: Chemical Kinetics


1.    Chemical Kinetics

2.    Energy in Kinetics

3.    Reaction Mechanism Notes

4.    Rate Law and Order

5.    Half-life

6.    Catalysis

8.    Kinetics Review

9.    Kinetics Review Notes

10.    Review-Andre


1.    Effect of Surface Area

2.   Graph-Definition-Factors

3.    Kinetic Energy and Temperature-Distribution

4.    Rate Law Order and PE

5.    Problems First Order Reactions


Factors Affecting Rates of Chemical Reactions

We will be starting with the following Grade 11 Review, hence download it please and bring it for the first day of class:

 Grade 11_Review_07

This is the practice review calculations with answers, to help you prepare for the Quiz: Grade 11 Review.

Practice Calculations Review

This is the new Unit: Thermochemistry.

We will commence the 4U course with this unit.  Download the whole unit please, as we will work on the assignments and the labs in conjunction with the notes in class.

Unit: Thermodynamics


1.    Introduction to thermodynamics

2.    Table of definitions of types of enthalpy changes

3.    Hess's Law Notes

4.    Bond Energy Notes

5.    Entropy and Free Energy

6.    Reaction Spontaneity Table

7.    Thermodynamics-Review


1.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems1

2.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems2

3.    Enthalpy Changes for Warming Substances and Changes of State

4.    Enthalpy of acid-base_07-08

5.    Equations using Heats of Reaction

6.    Equations using Heats of Rxn_2_07-08

7.    Hess's Law and Calorimetry Problems

8.    Summation of Heats of Reactions and Hess's Law Problems

9.    Enthalpy Review Questions

10.    Bond Enthalpies

11.    Entropy Assignment 1

12.    Assignment 2 Spontaneous Processes

13.    Assignment 3 Free Energy

14.    Review Entropy and Free Energy


1.    Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

2.    Enthalpy Change of Mg and HCl

3.    Enthalpy of Ionic Compounds

4.    Enthalpy of zinc and copper(II) Sulphate

5.    Heat You Can Eat Lab

6.    Hess's Law sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid

7.    Combustion of Alcohols