Savita Pall and Chemistry


Welcome to SCH4U


September 1, 2009

Welcome to Grade 12 Chemistry. 

Please download the following course outline.

SCH4U_Course Outline_09-10

The following Equation Sheet will be required for the duration of the course and you will be required to bring it into tests and quizzes.

Equation Sheet

Please make sure that you are aware of the Lab Safety and Survival Rules. (You do not have to download the  Safety Sheets!! However, you must know the safety rules of the Lab.)

Rules for survival in the Laboratory

Safety and Chemical Waste Management

June 7, 2010

The following is the Practice June Exam. This will help to prepare you for the Exam. 

Practice Exam_2009-2010

The following is the Answer Key to the Organic Nomenclature  Assignment.  Thank you to Prashanth Srinivasan.



June 2, 2010

The following is the Excellent Functional Group Review prepared by Ryder Whittaker Hawkins.  This will answer all your Organic questions.

Many Thanks to Ryder.

The Matrix for the June Exam is now also available.

Functional Group Notes-Ryder




May 7,  2010

Please download the new 3 packages, for the week starting May 9, 2010.  

1.    Covalent Bonding-Hybridization

2.    Bonding in Organic Compounds_V2

3.    Introduction to organic reaction mechanism


April 18,  2010

Please download the new unit:  Organic, for the week starting  April 19, 2010.  

1.    Introduction to organic

2.    Table of functional groups

3.    Families of Organic Compounds

4.    System of organic nomenclature

5.    Alkenes-Grade 12

6.    Classification of Organic Isomers

7.    Alcohols and Ethers - Grade 12


1.    Nomenclature


1.    Preparation and reactions of acetylene

2.    Reactions of hydrocarbons


March 10, 2010 

Please download the following new Unit: Atomic Structure

UNIT:  Atomic Structure: Notes

Atomic and Molecular Structure-Unit Outline

1.    3_Atomic Spectrum-Bohr

2.    4-The Wave Mechanical Model of the Atom

3.    Notes-Trends in the Periodic Table

4.    Summary Periodic Trends-Periodic Table

5. Bonding-Ionic Covalent-09-10

6.    6 Table of VSEPR Shapes

7.    VSEPR Table and Structure

8.    Intermolecular Forces-09-10

9.    Graph _hydrides of Group 5_ 6_7

10.    Structure and Type of Solids-09-10

10.    Complete Review-Structure-and-Bonding-09-10



Quantum Mechanics Calculations 3

Multiple Ionization Energies

Lewis Structure_Tables4

VSEPR Shapes of Molecules 5

Structure and Bonding-Review 6

Review Atomic Theory Bonding and Structure


1_Atomic Spectra of Hydrogen Using a Spectroscope

3_Lab Activity-Polarity-VSEPR-Props-Model


January 23,  2010

Please download the new unit:  Acid- Base, for the week starting January 25, 2010.  

UNIT:  Acids - Bases 


1.    Flowchart Classification Compounds

2.    ACIDS and BASES

3.    Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

4.    Hydrolysis of Ions

5.    The Common Ion Effect

6.    Buffers and pH of Buffers

7.    Titration Curve-Strong Acid-Strong Base

8.    Titration Curve-pH vs. Volume-Strong Acid-Strong Base

9.    Titration Curves


1.    Review Questions on acid-Base Definitions

2.    Review Questions

3.    Review Calculations 1

4.    Determination of pH of Weak Acid Solution

5.    Determination of pH of Weak Base Solution

6.    Ka and Kb Problems

7.    Buffer Problems

8.    Titration Problems

9.    Review and Test -Acid-Base


Titration Plot Activity

Hydrolysis - Planning Lab

  Titration Lab

pH Changes During Titration of a Strong Acid and Strong Base


January 4, 2010

The new unit: Solubility Equilibrium, Ksp, is now available, please download it for the beginning of the new week. 


Ionic Equilibria-Solubility Product-08-09


Ksp Problems

Solubility Rules Precipitation Net-Ionic Equations


Lab Ksp of a Salt


November 28, 2009

The following Review-Rates of Reaction, and Kinetics -Test, will help you to prepare for the upcoming Rates of Reaction Test.   

Also, please download  the new   Unit: Equilibrium, for the week, starting November 30, 2009.

Review-Rate of Reaction-08-09


Unit: Equilibrium

Please download the new Unit: Equilibrium

1.    Equilibrium in chemical reactions

2.    Summary Table of Equilibrium and Rates

3.    Quantitative Equilibrium Review

4.      Equilibrium- Unit Review


1.    Graphing Equilibrium

2.    Review -Qualitative Equilibrium

3.    Le Chatelier's Principle

4.    A Case Study of the Haber    Process

5.    Application of Equilibrium Questions

6.    Equilibrium Calculation Practice I and II


Equilibrium Simulation Lab

Application of Le Chatelier's Principle

The Equilibrium Constant


We will be starting with a Grade 11 Review and then the Unit: Thermodynamics. 

You MUST download the package: Review of Grade 11 Chemistry, and bring it to the class for the week starting September 2.

Review of Grade 11 Chemistry

Unit: Thermodynamics


1.    Introduction to thermodynamics

2.    Table of definitions of types of enthalpy changes

3.    Hess's Law Notes

4.    Bond Energy Notes

5.    Entropy and Free Energy

6.    Reaction Spontaneity Table

7.    Thermodynamics-Review


1.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems1

2.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems2

3.    Enthalpy Changes for Warming Substances and Changes of State

4.    Enthalpy of acid-base_07-08

5.    Equations using Heats of Reaction

6.    Equations using Heats of Rxn_2_07-08

7.    Hess's Law and Calorimetry Problems

8.    Summation of Heats of Reactions and Hess's Law Problems

9.    Enthalpy Review Questions

10.    Bond Enthalpies

11.    Entropy Assignment 1

12.    Assignment 2 Spontaneous Processes

13.    Assignment 3 Free Energy

14.    Review Entropy and Free Energy


1.    Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

2.    Enthalpy Change of Mg and HCl

3.    Enthalpy of Ionic Compounds

4.    Enthalpy of zinc and copper(II) Sulphate

5.    Heat You Can Eat Lab

6.    Hess's Law sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid

7.    Combustion of Alcohols