Savita Pall and Chemistry


Welcome to SCH4U


September 4, 2012

Welcome to Grade 12 Chemistry. 

Please download the following course outline.


Lab Expectations-Lab Reports

The following Equation Sheet will be required for the duration of the course and you will be required to bring it into tests and quizzes.


May 28,  2013

Here is the updated Lab Portfolio List.

4U-May-Lab Portfolio List

May 13,  2013

Please download the new unit:  Acid- Base, for the week starting    May 15, 2013.  

UNIT:  Acids - Bases 


1.    ACIDS and BASES

2.    Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

3.    Hydrolysis of Ions

4.    The Common Ion Effect

5.    Titration Curve-Strong Acid-Strong Base

6.    Titration Curve-pH vs. Volume-Strong Acid-Strong Base

7.    Titration Curves


1.    Review Questions on acid-Base Definitions

2.    Review Questions

3.    Review Calculations 1

4.    Determination of pH of Weak Acid Solution

5.    Determination of pH of Weak Base Solution

6.    Ka and Kb Problems

8.    Titration Problems

9.    Review and Test -Acid-Base


1.    Titration Plot Activity

2.    Hydrolysis - Planning Lab

 3.     Titration Lab


May 4, 2013

The new unit: Solubility Equilibrium, Ksp, is now available, please download it for the beginning of the new week. 



Ionic Equilibria-Solubility Product


Ksp Problems

Solubility Rules Precipitation Net-Ionic Equations


Lab Ksp of a Salt


April 8, 2013

Please download the new Unit: Equilibrium


1.    Equilibrium in chemical reactions

2.    Summary Table of Equilibrium and Rates

3.    Quantitative Equilibrium Review

4.      Equilibrium-Unit Review

5.    Equilibrium Concept Map


1.    Graphing Equilibrium

2.    Review -Qualitative Equilibrium

3.    Le Chatelier's Principle

4.    Application of Equilibrium Questions

5.    Equilibrium Calculation Practice I and II



1. Equilibrium Simulation Lab

2. Application of Le Chatelier's Principle

3. The Equilibrium Constant



March 6, 2013

Please download the following Unit for the week starting March 22, 2013.

Unit: Chemical Kinetics


1.    Chemical Kinetics

2.    Energy in Kinetics

3.    Reaction Mechanism Notes

4.    Rate Law and Order


1.    Assignment 1-Kinetics Calculations

2.    Rate of Reaction between Magnesium and Hydrochloric Acid

3.    Effect of Surface Area

4.   Graph-Definition-Factors

5.   Rate Law


Lab-Oxalate-Permanganate Clock


February 16, 2013

We will be starting the new Unit: Energetics, (Thermodynamics)

Unit: Thermodynamics


1.    Introduction to thermodynamics

2.    Table of definitions of types of enthalpy changes

3.    Hess's Law Notes

4.    Bond Energy Notes


1.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems1

2.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems2

3.    Enthalpy Changes for Warming Substances and Changes of State

4.    Enthalpy of acid-base_07-08

5.    Equations using Heats of Reaction

6.    Equations using Heats of Rxn_2_07-08

7.    Summation of Heats of Reactions and Hess's Law Problems

8.    Enthalpy Review Questions

9.    Bond Enthalpies


1.    Exothermic-and-Endothermic Reactions

2.    Enthalpy of zinc and copper(II) Sulphate

2.    Enthalpy Change of Mg and HCl

3.    Enthalpy of four chemical 

4.     Hess's Law-sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid

6.    Heat You Can Eat Lab

7.    Combustion of Alcohols


November 4,  2012

Please download the new unit:  Organic, for the week starting  November 12, 2012.  

1.    Covalent Bonding-Hybridization

2.    Bonding in Organic Compounds_V2

3.    Introduction to organic

4.    Introduction to organic reaction mechanism

5.    Table of functional groups

6.    Families of Organic Compounds

7.    System of organic nomenclature

 8       Nomenclature -IMFA-Chart

9.    Alkenes-Grade 12

10.    Classification of Organic Isomers

11.    Alcohols and Ethers - Grade 12

12.      Polymers

13.      Benzene-Grade 12

14.      Reaction Pathway R-X

 15.       Functional Group Notes-Ryder


  1.    Calculations in organic

  2.      IMFA-Boiling Point

  3.      Melting point and Boiling point of Alkanes

  4.    Nomenclature

 5.   Nomenclature-Answers

6.    Test Review Questions -Organic


1.    Preparation and reactions of acetylene

2.    Reactions of hydrocarbons

3.         Alcohols

4.          Esters

5.    Snow Globe Chemistry


October 10, 2012

The following are the review questions on Atomic Structure, these should help you to prepare for the Quest on Friday, October 12. Thank you to Al Itani and Eli Wall for their help.

Lesson 1_At Structure-Hydrogen Spectrum

Lesson 2 Quantum Numbers

Lesson 3 Electron Configuration

Lesson 4 Periodic Table-Electron Configuration

Lesson 5 Periodic Trends

September 4, 2012

We will be starting with a Grade 11 Review 

Review of Grade 11 Chemistry_08-09 

We will be start with the Unit: Atomic Structure and Bonding.

Please download the following new Unit: Atomic Structure

UNIT:  Atomic Structure: Notes

Atomic and Molecular Structure-Unit Outline

1.    3_Atomic Spectrum-Bohr

2.    4-The Wave Mechanical Model of the Atom

3.    Notes-Trends in the Periodic Table

4.    Summary Periodic Trends-Periodic Table

5. Bonding-Ionic Covalent-09-10

6.    6 Table of VSEPR Shapes

7.    VSEPR Table and Structure

8.    Memory Aid-Table of VSEPR Shapes

9.    Intermolecular Forces-09-10

10.    Graph _hydrides of Group 5_ 6_7

11.    Structure and Type of Solids-09-10

12.    Complete Review-Structure-and-Bonding-09-10



Uses of Radioisotopes

Quantum Mechanics Calculations 3

Review-Quantum Numbers -Electron Configuration

Multiple Ionization Energies

Lewis Structure_Tables4

VSEPR Shapes of Molecules 5

Structure and Bonding-Review 6

Review Atomic Theory Bonding and Structure


1_Atomic Spectra of Hydrogen Using a Spectroscope

2.    The Variation of Atomic Properties

3.    Making oxides-Acids-Bases

4.    Lab Activity-Polarity-VSEPR-Props-Model

5.    Comparing Phys Props to Bond Types

6.    Testing Liquids for Polarity

7.    Recognizing Bond Types