Savita Pall and Chemistry


Welcome to SCH4U


2 September 2008

Welcome to Grade 12 Chemistry. 

Please download the course outline.

SCH4U_Course Outline_08-09

The following Equation Sheet will be required for the duration of the course and you will be required to bring it into tests and quizzes.

Equation Sheet

Please make sure that you are aware of the Lab Safety and Survival Rules.

Rules for survival in the Laboratory

Safety and Chemical Waste Management

Please download the Chemistry Lab Format as this will be useful as a guide to correct Lab Report writing skills.

Format Lab Write Up_08


June 7,  2009

Here is the  Corrected Practice Exam with Answers for the Multiple Choice, that will help you to succeed in the SCH4U course.  

And the Exam matrix is also now available.

SCH4U_Exam Matrix 08-09


19 May 2009

 Please download the new Unit: Organic for the week starting 25 May:

1.    Introduction to organic

2.    Table of functional groups

3.    System of organic nomenclature

4.    Alkenes-Grade 12

5.    Classification of Organic Isomers

6.    Alcohols and Ethers - Grade 12


1.    Nomenclature

April 18,  2009

The following is the updated version of the Table of Content for the Lab portfolio-many thanks to Kai Ip.

Lab Binder-Table of Contents-April 09

Please download the new UNIT:  REDOX


1.    Intro to Redox

2.    Balancing using Oxidation Numbers

3.    Balancing by Ion-Electron Method

4.    Electrochemical Cells

5.    Electrolysis

6.    Quantitative Aspects of Electrolytic Reactions


1.    Displacement of metals

2.    Electrochemical cells

3.    Quantitative Calculations 1

4.     Review Questions


1.    Oxidation Numbers of Manganese

2.    Electrochemical Cells

3.    Electrolysis

4.    Electroplating

February 23,  2009

Please download the new unit:  Acid- Base, for the week starting 23 February 2009.  

UNIT:  Acids - Bases 


1.    Flowchart Classification Compounds

2.    ACIDS and BASES

3.    Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

4.    Hydrolysis of Ions

5.    The Common Ion Effect

6.    Buffers and pH of Buffers

7.    Titration Notes

8.    Titration Curve-Strong Acid-Strong Base

9.    Titration Curves


1.    Review Questions on acid-Base Definitions

2.    Review Questions

3.    Review Calculations 1

4.    Titration Problems

5.    Ka and Kb Problems

6.    Buffer Problems

7.    Review and Test -Acid-Base


Titration Plot Activity

Hydrolysis - Planning Lab


10 February 2009

The following is the Table of Content for the Lab portfolio.

SCH4U_Table of Content_ Lab Portfolio


7 February 2009

Please download  the new Unit , Ionic Equilibria in aqueous Solution, Ksp, starting  9 February 2009.



Ionic Equilibria-Solubility Product-08-09


Ksp Problems

Solubility Rules Precipitation Net-Ionic Equations


Lab Ksp of a Salt


December 18, 2008

The following Rates Review will help you to prepare for the Test. (Thank you to Edmund Chung). Do not forget to practice the Multiple Choice.  

Review-Rate of Reaction-08-09

Please download  the new Unit Equilibrium, for the new year, starting 5 January 2009.

Unit: Equilibrium

Please download the new Unit: Equilibrium

1.    Equilibrium in chemical reactions

2.    Summary Table of Equilibrium and Rates

3.    Quantitative Equilibrium Review

4.      Equilibrium- Unit Review


1.    Graphing Equilibrium

2.    Review -Qualitative Equilibrium

3.    Le Chatelier's Principle

4.    A Case Study of the Haber Process

5.    Application of Equilibrium Questions

6.    Equilibrium Calculation Practice I and II


Equilibrium Simulation Lab

Application of Le Chatelier's Principle

The Equilibrium Constant


 December 2  2008

The following Multiple Choice Practice will help you to prepare for the test.  Please download the following lab, as we will  need it for next week.

Multiple Choice Practice I

Lab-Oxalate-Permanganate Clock

November 4 2008

Please download  the new Unit Chemical Kinetics, for next week, starting 10 November 2008.

Unit: Chemical Kinetics


1.    Chemical Kinetics

2.    Energy in Kinetics

3.    Reaction Mechanism Notes

4.    Rate Law and Order

5.    Half-life

6.    Catalysis

7.    Kinetics Review Notes

8.    Review-Andre


1.    Effect of Surface Area

2.   Graph-Definition-Factors

3.    Kinetic Energy and Temperature-Distribution

4.    Rate Law

5.    Rate Law Order and PE

6.    Problems First Order Reactions


Factors Affecting Rates of Chemical Reactions


29 September 2008

The following Quiz-Thermodynamic 1 will help you to prepare for the quiz this week.

Quiz-Thermochemistry I-02-03.pdf

16 September 2008

The following is the Outline for the planning lab. This should help you to prepare the design of the lab.

Outline Plan for Lab Investigation

We will be starting with a Grade 11 Review and then the unit Thermodynamics. 

You MUST download the package: Review of Grade 11 Chemistry, and bring it to the class for the week starting September 2 and the following Lab.

Review of Grade 11 Chemistry_08-09

How Much-Planning Lab Mole Unit

Unit: Thermodynamics


1.    Introduction to thermodynamics

2.    Table of definitions of types of enthalpy changes

3.    Hess's Law Notes

4.    Bond Energy Notes

5.    Entropy and Free Energy

6.    Reaction Spontaneity Table

7.    Thermodynamics-Review


1.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems1

2.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems2

3.    Enthalpy Changes for Warming Substances and Changes of State

4.    Enthalpy of acid-base_07-08

5.    Equations using Heats of Reaction

6.    Equations using Heats of Rxn_2_07-08

7.    Hess's Law and Calorimetry Problems

8.    Summation of Heats of Reactions and Hess's Law Problems

9.    Enthalpy Review Questions

10.    Bond Enthalpies

11.    Entropy Assignment 1

12.    Assignment 2 Spontaneous Processes

13.    Assignment 3 Free Energy

14.    Review Entropy and Free Energy


1.    Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

2.    Enthalpy Change of Mg and HCl

3.    Enthalpy of Ionic Compounds

4.    Enthalpy of zinc and copper(II) Sulphate

5.    Heat You Can Eat Lab

6.    Hess's Law sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid

7.    Combustion of Alcohols