Savita Pall and Chemistry


Welcome to SCH4U:  Grade 12 Chemistry


Please download the following course outline.


The following Equation Sheet will be required for the duration of the course and you will be required to bring it into tests and quizzes.



The following Lab Expectations - Lab Reports is an  explanation and guidelines for all labs performed during this course and will be an essential requirement in order to succeed in this course.  

Lab Expectations-Lab Reports


June 8, 2016

June 2016_SCH4U-Exam Matrix

May 7, 2016

The following is the Redox-Quest.  Practice for the exam.  The summary notes on the Mistakes made by students on the Test will help you to avoid these mistakes in the examination.

Quest-Redox and Electrochemistry-4U-2016

Common Mistakes in Organic Chemistry

May 7, 2016

The following new packages are an addition to the Organic Unit.  These include Bonding, Lewis Structures, VSEPR, and IMFA's

Intro Bonding and Properties-2016-4U

Assignment Lewis Structure Practice Questions

Table of VSEPR Shapes (Lecture Notes 6)

VSEPR Shapes of Molecules 5

Functional Group Nomenclature Priorities Table

Organic Nomenclature Handouts

Answers Organic Nomenclature Handouts

April 25, 2016

Please download the new unit:  Organic, for the week starting  November 12, 2012.  

1.    Introduction to organic

2.    Introduction to organic reaction mechanism

3.    Table of functional groups

4.    Families of Organic Compounds

5.    System of organic nomenclature

6.    Functional Group Nomenclature Priorities Table

7.      Functional Group Priorities in Organic Nomenclature

8.       Nomenclature -IMFA-Chart

9.    Alkenes-Grade 12

10.    Classification of Organic Isomers

11.    Alcohols and Ethers - Grade 12

12.      Polymers

13.      Benzene-Grade 12

14.      Reaction Pathway R-X


  1.    Calculations in Organic Chemistry

 2.    Nomenclature

 3.   Nomenclature Answers

4.   Review Organic Quest.


1.    Preparation and reactions of acetylene

2.    Reactions of hydrocarbons

3.         Alcohols

4.          Esters



April 4, 2016

Please download the new unit:  Redox, for the week starting  April 4 , 2016.  


1.    Intro to Redox

2.    Balancing using Oxidation Numbers

3.    Inorganic-Review

4.    Balancing by Ion-Electron Method

5.    Electrochemical Cells

6.    Electrolysis


8.    Quantitative Aspects of Electrolytic Reactions

9.     Redox Review


1.    Activity Series-Quiz 2

2.    Displacement of metals

3.    Lab-Quiz-Halogens-Halide ions

4.    Electrochemical Cell Diagrams

5.    Electrochemical cells

6.    Quiz-Electrochemical Cells- Cd -Ag

7.    Corrosion Review Questions

8.    Quantitative Calculations 1

9.    Electrochemistry Stoichiometry

10.    Unit Review Question 06-07

11.    UNIT REVIEW Questions 06-07 REDOX ANSWERS

12.    Review Questions


1.    Oxidation Numbers of Manganese

2.    Redox Titration Using Permanganate

3.    Electrochemical Cells

4.    Electrolysis

5.    Electroplating

February 5, 2016

Please download the new unit:  Acid- Base, for the week starting February 15, 2016  

UNIT:  Acids - Bases 


1.    Flowchart Classification Compounds

2.    ACIDS and BASES

3.    Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

4.    Hydrolysis of Ions

5.    The Common Ion Effect

6.    Buffers and pH of Buffers

7.    Titration Notes

8.    Titration Curve-Strong Acid-Strong Base

9.    Titration Curve-pH vs. Volume-Strong Acid-Strong Base

10.    Hydrolysis of Ions-Titration Problems

11.    Outline of Acid-Base Unit Review


1.    Review Questions on acid-Base Definitions

2.    Review Questions

3.    Review Calculations 1

4.    Determination of pH of Weak Acid Solution

5.    Determination of pH of Weak Base Solution

6.      Titration Problems-Answers-2015           

7.    Ka and Kb Problems

8.    Answer Key-Ka-Kb Problems

9.    Buffer Problems

10.    Answer Key-Buffer Problems

11.    Solving for pH at Equivalence Point

12.    Review Questions and Answers-Acid -Base Unit-2015


1.    Ka-Weak Acid

2.    Analysis of Aspirin

3.    Titration Plot Activity

4.    Hydrolysis - Planning Lab


January 14, 2016

The new unit: Solubility Equilibrium, Ksp, is now available, please download it for the beginning of the week starting 25 January, 2016. 



Ionic Equilibria-Solubility Product


Ksp Problems

Solubility Rules Precipitation Net-Ionic Equations


Lab Ksp of a Salt


December 3, 2015

Please download the new Unit: Equilibrium


1.    Equilibrium in chemical reactions

2.    Summary Table of Equilibrium and Rates

3.    Gibbs Free Energy and Equilibrium

4.    Quantitative Equilibrium Review

5.      Equilibrium-Unit Review

6.    Equilibrium Concept Map


1.    Graphing Equilibrium

2.    Review -Qualitative Equilibrium

3.    Le Chatelier's Principle

4.    A Case Study of the Haber Process

5.    Application of Equilibrium Questions

6.    Equilibrium Calculation Practice I and II

7.    Answers to Equilibrium Calculations I and II

8.    Free Energy and Equilibrium Constant

The following is a practice tests , useful practice for the upcoming evaluation.

Unit Test Equilibrium 2012-2013

Answers-Equilibrium Unit Test-2012-2013 


Equilibrium Simulation Lab

Application of Le Chatelier's Principle

The Equilibrium Constant

November 16, 2015

Please download the following Unit for the week starting November 23, 2015.

Unit: Chemical Kinetics


1.    Chemical Kinetics

2.    Energy in Kinetics

3.    Reaction Mechanism Notes

4.    Rate Law and Order

5.    Half-life

6.    Kinetics Review Notes

7.    Kinetics Review Notes


1.    Assignment 1-Kinetics Calculations

2.    Rate of Reaction between Magnesium and Hydrochloric Acid

3.    Effect of Surface Area

4.   Graph-Definition-Factors

5.    Kinetic Energy and Temperature-Distribution

6.    Rate Law

8.    Answer Key-Rate Law

9.    Rate Law Order and PE

10.    Problems First Order Reactions

11.    Kinetics-Practice Quiz


Lab-Oxalate-Permanganate Clock

The following are practice quizzes and  tests , useful practice for the upcoming evaluations.

Quiz-Concentration -Time 04-05

Kinetics Unit Test-01-02

Kinetics-Unit Test-2003-2004

September 8, 2015

We will be starting with a Review of the Grade 11 course, following this there will be a TEST on the review.

Review of Grade 11 Chemistry_08-09 

Practice Calculations Review

September 21, 2015

We will be starting the new Unit: Thermodynamics

Unit: Thermodynamics


1.    Introduction to thermodynamics

2.    Table of definitions of types of enthalpy changes

3.    Hess's Law Notes

4.    Bond Energy Notes

5.    Entropy and Free Energy

6.    Reaction Spontaneity Table

7.    Thermodynamics-Review


1.    Specific Heat-Heat Capacity Problems I

2.    Specific Heat and Heat Capacity Problems II

3.    Enthalpy Changes for Warming Substances and Changes of State

4.    Enthalpy of Strong Acid-Strong Base

5.    Equations using Heats of Reaction

6.    Equations using Heats of Rxn_2_07-08

7.    Standard Heats of Reaction and Hess' Law

8.    Enthalpy Review Questions

9.    Answer Key-Enthalpy Review Questions

10.    Bond Enthalpies

11.    Entropy Assignment 1

12.    Entropy I Assignment- Answers

13.    Assignment 2 Spontaneous Processes

14.    Entropy 2 Assignment-Answers

15.    Assignment 3 Free Energy

16.    Review Entropy and Free Energy

17.    Energetic-Test Practice Questions-Answer Key



1.    Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

2.    Specific Heat Capacity of an Unknown

3.     Enthalpy of Ionic Compounds

3.    Enthalpy of zinc and copper(II) Sulphate

4.    Enthalpy Change of Mg and HCl

5.    Hess Lab Microscale

6.    Data Base Lab-Combustion of Alcohols

7.    Heat You Can Eat Lab